Slow School


Learning to make sharp turns at slow speeds is the single biggest improvement in my riding that I've made this year (2003). It really focuses on the bike's balance and how the bike responds to acceleration a steering, and I find myself incorporating the techniques into more of my everyday riding.

I want to draw specific attention to the fact that, at least in the beginning, the technique for doing tight turns is a different technique than normal riding.  Eventually it becomes clear that they are quite similar, but merging them probably won't happen for a while.  The "Look, Lean, Roll" and "Look through the turn" that we are taught initially keeps the motorcycle and the bike's path in our peripheral vision, while the extreme version used for U-turns has you unable to see the path or even the motorcycle - it relies on your ability to use the controls without looking at them and without seeing the path you're steering. Eventually you will see that they are actually the same technique underneath, since they both require that you look to your destination and then bring the motorcycle around to reach it.

The distinction is important because you cannot properly practice the U-turns by merely making tighter and tighter turns using your existing technique (looking in front of the bike). You will be able to physically turn the bike, but you won't be able to do it "on demand" without building up to it.

What follows is an attempt to duplicate the intent (and methods) of BMW's "Slow School" which teaches low-speed handling techniques that are based on police training. This is not "Official" instruction with any claim to accreditation; simply a way to pass on some ways of enhancing one's ability to ride slowly and turn tight corners.

Not everyone will immediately have the confidence to get the necessary slow-speed lean for the 20' U-turn, but some practice at the limit of comfort will gradually move that limit. Trying to move the limit all at once will only make for a dropped bike and wounded confidence.


Riding is generally done in first gear, with the engine at about 2500 rpm, and speed is controlled with the clutch. Letting the clutch all the way out will give speeds that are too fast for these manuevers.

If the bike feels like it's falling into the inside, engage the clutch more (go faster) and let the centripetal force stand the bike up more. Trying to stop will only create a prolem, as the bike will want to fall down very abruptly.

Focus on controlling the bike (as if you weren't on it) using the hand controls rather than "riding it."

You will find yourself turning the bars to full lock.  This is good!  You have to apply more speed to keep the bike upright.  The goal is to keep the bars at full lock and feather the clutch to give enough speed to balance the bike. At this point, leaning the bike (by going faster and/or shifting your weight to the outside) is the only thing that will tighten your cornering line even more.

Sample Instruction Method

Warmup (aka evaluation)

Ride u-turns in both directions for a while with lots of space available but trying to use the least amount possible.  This will give some idea as to who has the balance and confidence necessary to "push ahead" with the practice, and who needs to do some intermediate work first.


Confident group

Subconfident group:


Leave the rider with tips for future self-directed practice.

The course

Cone weave

This is a simple line of cones, tall enough that the rider must move the entire bike around them (not just the tires). Spacing can vary down to about 12' but spacing of even 20' will force the rider to perform sharp turns, and this would be greatly beneficial to the subconfident group.

Offset cone weave

This is two staggered rows of cones through which the riders navigate as shown below.

Offset cone weave

Tall cones are best but short cones are acceptable. Boundary lines should be provided to keep riders from leaving the area and making their turns in the "back 40." The exact spacing of the cones really isn't that important; as long as the rider has to completely change direction within a limited area, the exercise will be effective.  Here is a video (3.7MB) showing the offset cone weave on an R1150RT; the bike is probably doing 17' to 19' U-turns.

Other parking-lot exercises

The standard parking space layout (9' x18' spaces) presents easy opportunities for most people to practice for a minute here and there. Working up to 2-space (18') U-turns is a great accomplishment by itself, but there is more fun to be had:

Parking lot drills

The "Eliminator," the triple U-turn written about in BMWON, is very similar to the middle pattern shown above:

Slow riding